Standard Draw Gone Bad_SmallOne of the most disturbing aspects of many traditional combat shooting curricula is the fact that they contradict themselves. At one moment, they will cite statistics that characterize the reality of violent attacks in a particular way, and then a moment later they’ll teach you a technique that works great on the range, but is completely inconsistent with the reality they just defined. And no topic suffers more from this duplicity of logic than close-quarters tactics.

FBI Crime Statistics and the Nature of the Threat

Criminals are criminals. If we look at violent crimes committed against law enforcement officers, it makes sense that the criminals that attack them are the same ones that are most likely to victimize us. It also makes sense that, with the exception of grabbing a gun from an open-carry holster, the methods of attack they would use against police officers would be the same ones they’d use against us.

Based on this logic, many firearms trainers are quick to cite the FBI Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted report as an accurate reflection of the nature of criminal assaults. This annual report analyzes the circumstances surrounding the deaths of law enforcement officers in the U.S., including critical details such as the distances at which the officers killed by firearms were shot. For example, during the 10-year period 2000-2009, of the 490 officers killed with firearms, 247 (50%) were shot at distances of 0-5 feet and 89 (18%) were shot at distances of 5-10 feet. If we add the 6 officers killed during this period with contact-distance weapons, such as edged weapons, blunt instruments or personal weapons, we realize that 342 (64%) of the total 536 officers killed during this period were attacked at distances of 10 feet or less.

This disturbing statistic strongly suggests that the vast majority of lethal-force attacks occur at distances less than 10 feet. If we consider that only 118 (22%) of the officers fired their weapons and 91 (17%) attempted to use their weapons, it seems obvious that close-quarters weapon deployment and shooting would be the rule in firearms training, not the exception. If that’s the case, why does most defensive firearms training take place at seven yards? Based on the statistical probability of what’s most likely to happen, it doesn’t make sense.

Speed Rocks, Elbow Techniques, and the Typical Presentation

To give credit where credit is due, many defensive shooting programs do incorporate close-quarters shooting techniques. Unfortunately, many of the most commonly taught techniques—to include the default presentation or drawstroke—ignore the realities of actual street attacks.

If we accept the fact that most potentially lethal attacks occur at close range—specifically 0-10 feet—we must also accept that physical contact with an attacker is extremely likely. If he is armed with a contact-distance weapon like a knife or impact weapon, his goal is to achieve physical contact. With that probability in mind, it would seem that protecting yourself from injury, not just going for your gun, would be a high priority; but most close-quarters shooting tactics don’t reflect that.

Let’s say your attacker is armed with a piece of pipe. His most likely attack is going to be to swing that pipe as hard as he can at your head, probably with a forehand motion. Since most people are right handed, odds are that pipe will be aimed at the left side of your head and will begin its journey from just a few feet away. That’s your “problem.”

If your response is to “go to guns” with a standard drawstroke, you’re going to have a serious headache. Most commonly taught drawstrokes condition you to achieve a grip on the holstered gun while positioning your support hand in front of your abdomen. That way, once the gun is drawn, your hands can come together safely in a two-handed grip before extending toward the target. On the range, or against an attacker at a distance, that works great. On the street, however, you will pay the price for purposely conditioning yourself to drop your guard when attacked.

No problem, you say, as you know the “Speed Rock,” which was developed specifically for close-quarters situations. Instead of staging your support hand in front of your gut, you stick it to your chest or fling it behind your head while you lean back, draw, and shoot one-handed. Again, on the range, it looks cool and seems to solve the problem. Keeping your hand well out of the way of your gun minimizes the chances of shooting it; however, it also means that it isn’t doing anything to stop that pipe. As such, you still get whacked in the head. Sure, you’re leaning backward, so you’ve got a head start on falling down, but otherwise haven’t accomplished much.

You Need Empty-Hand Skills, Not Clichés

One of the biggest problems with firearms training is that it is regularly used as an excuse to not train in other skills. For example, if you mention counter-knife tactics around gun guys, you’ll inevitably hear something like, “Hell, I’d just shoot him. He brought a knife to a gunfight.”

Sure, clichés are amusing and cheesy action movies wouldn’t be the same without them. However, they are a lousy substitute for real training and a logical thought process—especially when they discourage you from filling gaping holes in your defensive skill set.

If you are attacked at close range, you are reacting to your assailant’s actions. Since action is always faster than reaction, you’re already behind the curve. As such, if you want to have a prayer of bringing your gun into play, you must not only survive the attack, you must do something decisive to create the opportunity to draw that gun. And the most efficient way to do that is to work with what you have immediately available: your empty-hand skills. In short, you must “earn” your draw.

The “Gas Station” episode of season 7 of The Best Defense is a graphic illustration of why you must have empty-hand fighting skills and why you must train to integrate those skills with your deployment and use of your gun. If you look in your tool box and all you see is a hammer, take the hint and start working on your unarmed fighting skills.  Keep watching The Best Defense and come back here soon and we’ll show you how.

Stay safe,



In this week’s episode of The Best Defense, you’ll see me demonstrate the use of a small folding knife with a 2.5-inch blade to neutralize an active shooter armed with a rifle. That knife, a Kahr Arms version of the Spyderco Delica 4, has an interesting history and is based on a modified version of the Delica that I originally developed for a  student of mine. Since we always get lots of questions about the gear we use in the show, I figured I would “think ahead” and provide the answer right up front.  The following is the “inside story” of the Kahr Arms Delica and its evolution, as well as a few comments on where it fits in today’s knife market.

The idea of a short cutting blade attached to a long, easily gripped handle is nothing new. Scalpels, utility knives, and countless other cutting tools have done this for centuries. However, the idea of purposely shortening the blade of a knife to comply with the legal requirements of a particular jurisdiction is a much more recent concept.

Although I first experimented with this idea in the late 1980’s (a “California-legal” balisong or “butterfly knife” with normal length handles and a sub-two-inch blade), interest in the concept really piqued about 10 years ago. One of my Martial Blade Concepts (MBC—a system of personal-defense with knives) students worked in a U.S. Federal building in Washington, D.C. Per federal regulations, he was allowed to carry a knife provided its blade was no longer than 2.5 inches. He had shopped extensively for knives that met the blade-length requirement, but invariably found that short blades also meant short, difficult-to-grip handles.

When he approached me with the problem, my immediate thought was to take a Spyderco Delica4 and shorten the 3-inch blade to 2.5 inches. The Delica4 was already a personal favorite of mine (I’ve been carrying a Delica as part of my daily kit since 1998 and a pair of Delica4’s since they were introduced in 2006), and it has the great benefit of having a dedicated matching training knife that allows for the safe practice of defensive tactics. He thought it was a great idea and asked me to grind one for him. I complied and quickly shipped it off to him. He replied by not only giving the knife a glowing review, but ordering several more for himself and some of his like-minded co-workers.

A couple of years later, I was teaching a seminar in New Hampshire and got a similar question from a student who lived in Boston, which also has a strict 2.5-inch blade carry limit. I showed him photos of the knives I had ground for my other student and he immediately asked if I could do the same for him. Soon the other members of the class caught wind of the conversation and my list of orders got longer.

That history repeated itself a few months later at a seminar in Chicago, which has the same knife carry restrictions as Boston. And once again, I was back at the grinder. My custom-ground version of the Delica4 was quickly developing a devoted following among dedicated knife users who wanted to carry the most potent cutting tool legally permitted in their jurisdiction. They were smart people who respected the law and went the extra mile to comply with it.

Sometime later, Marc Galli, a long-time friend, an Associate Instructor of MBC, and then Kahr’s Eastern U.S. Sales Manager commented that he would like to see Kahr offer a high-quality knife that really complemented the spirit of Kahr’s immensely popular pistol line. Although Kahr had offered knives laser engraved with their logo in the past, these were stock knives with nothing really distinctive about them. I thought about it for a few moments, and then told Marc the story of my custom-ground Delica 4s. I also explained that, like a good carry pistol, I took the time to remove the jimping (textured grooves) on the thumb ramp of the knives I grind to eliminate any abrasive surfaces that could cause damage during high-speed, full-power application. In short, I felt my modified Delica 4s fit the same niche and same criteria as Kahr’s best-in-class compact pistols: compact, easily carried, highly effective tools specifically designed for responsible citizens. Marc agreed and offered to present the idea to Kahr’s leadership.

A few months later, I met with Marc, Kahr’s founder Justin Moon, and other senior members of Kahr’s management at a trade show and explained the history and concept behind my modification and why I believed it was a fitting companion to their pistols. The idea was not only well received, but prompted a detailed discussion of carry knife attributes. While discussing the Delica 4’s injection-molded-nylon scales, Justin Moon asked if they could be made it colors that would blend with the common pants colors—specifically denim blue, khaki, and black. I had actually tried to have this done on the first folder I designed for Spyderco, the Yojimbo, but its handles were made of G-10, which came in a limited selection of colors. Achieving this in molded nylon was brilliant idea, and much simpler to achieve than in G-10. To make the knife even more discreet and support a “gray man,” carry-anywhere theme, we decided to give the blade, clip, and all other metal hardware on the knife a subdued, “stonewash” tumbled finish.

Ultimately the Kahr Delica4s faithfully capture all the detailed features of the knives I customized for my students, but offer the additional advantages of discreet “urban camouflage” handle colors and subdued clips, blades, and hardware. They also epitomize the concept of responsibly carrying the most potent and capable tools permissible.

One criticism of the Kahr Delica that you’ll see some internet “experts” voice is that its street price is higher than the street price of a standard Spyderco Delica. In their overly simplistic view, you’re paying more and getting less because the blade is shorter. That kind of narrow-minded thinking totally misses the point of the knife and fails to take into consideration the basic economics of product distribution (i.e. every link in distribution chain needs to make some profit to remain a viable business).

If you like the concept of a compact folding knife that is legal to carry in virtually every jurisdiction in the U.S. and is available in colors that blend discreetly with the most common pant colors, the Kahr Delica is worth considering. The fact that the Delica 4 Lightweight is also available in a blunt trainer version should make it even more appealing.

If you shop around on the internet, you can find Kahr Delicas at slightly lower prices. Or you can go straight to the source and find them at www.kahr.com.

Stay safe,